So many types of cameras have been manufactured over the years that some of them are considered specialty cameras. These include such models as toy cameras, stereo cameras, infrared cameras, underwater cameras, pinhole cameras and panoramic cameras. While some of these cameras may be nothing more than fads, gimmicks or just boxes with holes in them, many of them are used by professionals to take high quality photographs.
Some specialty cameras, such as the press camera and folding camera were popular years ago and are rarely used or made anymore. Others, such as the infrared, underwater and panoramic camera are commonly used today.
When these specialty cameras were first produced they each had a specific use. Press cameras were used by journalists, panoramic cameras were often used by landscape photographers and sub miniature cameras were a necessity for the neighborhood spy.
You can build your own pinhole camera for next to nothing and pay up to several thousand for a top of the line infrared model.