The paper your final image appears on is called photographic paper. There are numerous types available such as graded and multi-graded. Graded paper comes in assorted ratings or grades of contrast. A grade of one has less contrast than a grade of four. The higher the number, the higher the contrast. Multi-grade papers have their contrast controlled by a series of magenta or yellow filters. The darker the filter the higher the contrast. Photo paper is generally heavy and is coated with light sensitive chemicals.
There are two basic types of finishing on photographic paper. One is resin coated which has a thin coat of plastic over it that reduces washing, fixing, and drying time. This paper can also be processed by machine and comes with a glossy shine or semi-matt. The other type is uncoated paper, also referred to as fiber based paper. This takes longer to wash and dry as the paper soaks up the chemicals that are used to develop it. Uncoated paper is only available for black and white prints and has greater tonal depth. Uncoated paper has less shine, but can be glazed to give it a glossy surface. Monochrome or black and white paper is generally sensitive to blue light, but it can be handled safely under red or yellow safelights without fogging.
Color paper is sensitive to all light so must be handled in total darkness. Paper also comes in various sizes and can be bought for about $40 for 50 sheets of 11x14 inch.