Most people have heard of a panoramic view and that's what this type of photography incorporates. Panoramic photography is designed to show images with an extreme wide angle or field of view. It doesn't refer to photos that have been cropped to a wide aspect ratio. Generally, a panoramic image refers to one what is comparable to, or greater than what the human eye can see. This means an image about 160 by 75 degrees.
A panoramic image will give you a detailed and unobstructed or complete view of an area and this style of photography is often used for landscape photos. A panoramic photo will often resemble a wide and sometimes narrow strip. Some people use the word panoramic to describe any print format that has a wide aspect ratio, but these are not necessarily images that consist of a large field of view. When you set some cameras to their panoramic modes the zoom lens is at its shortest focal length of around 24 mm. At this setting it only has a field of view of 65 degrees. This is generally known as a moderate wide angle or just a wide angle; not an extreme wide angle. Specialized cameras can be used in this type of photography, however some people take multiple photos and then stitch them together to get a panoramic image. Cameras that have an aspect ratio of 2:1 or greater means the width is double the height. These cameras are typically known as panoramic.